User Interface Design or UI design is the design of websites, computers, appliances, machines, mobile communication devices, and software applications with the spotlight on the user’s know-how and communication. The goal of user interface design is to make the user’s dealings as simple and efficient as possible, in terms of accomplishing user goals—what is often called user-centered design.
User interface design is used to beautify the application and make user interaction smooth. It’s a module of user experience design. It’s no less important than any other part of the process, and a huge part of what constitutes a great user experience. It makes the experience aesthetically gratifying, but good UI design on poor UX design is still poor design.
In order to successfully understand and develop your own UI Design, master the basic and/or intricate shapes (circle, square, triangle, star). Every conceivable shape or design ultimately consists of a series of very basic shapes. If you can picture it or see the basic shapes combined with any design or photo, then you can draw/design anything from memory, not just copy or trace a picture. User Interface Design is the process of crafting a visual language and hierarchy that allows someone to use and engage an application. It is the multi-disciplinary practice of crafting usable human-device interfaces. Taking into account, among many things: user and organizational tasks, needs, and goals; ease and simplicity of use; clarity and beauty of execution; flexibility and scalability of the design across multiple devices.
Good UI design facilitates finishing the task at hand without drawing unnecessary attention to it. Graphic design may be utilized to support its usability, influencing how the user performs certain interactions and improving the artistic appeal of the design; design aesthetics may boost or detract from the ability of users to use the functions of the interface. The design process must balance technical functionality and visual elements (e.g., mental model) to create a system that is not only operational but also usable and adaptable to changing user needs. Interface design is involved in a wide range of projects from computer systems, to cars, to commercial planes; all of these projects involve much of the same basic human interactions yet also require some unique skills and knowledge.
As a result, designers tend to specialize in certain types of projects and have skills centered around their expertise, whether that be software design, user research, web design, or industrial design. User interface design has been a topic of considerable research, including on its aesthetics. Standards have been developed as far back as the 1980s for defining the usability of software products. Research has also been conducted on generating user interfaces automatically, to go with a user’s level of ability for different levels of interaction. At the moment, in addition to traditional prototypes the literature proposes new solutions, such as an tentative mixed prototype based on a configurable physical prototype that allow to achieve a complete sense of touch, thanks to the physical mock-up, and a realistic visual experience, thanks to the superimposition of the virtual interface on the physical prototype with Augmented Reality techniques.